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白蚁虽小,危害却大,该如何防治?

成都物业好管家2018-12-05 12:24:12

白蚁分飞期

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        春分时节,雨季期,也是白蚁高发期。似乎觉得跟自己平时生活无关,其实不然。白蚁喜湿好木料,悄然入室并在木地板、纸箱包装物、家具处安营扎寨,甚至家里的仓库。白蚁对木质用品的肆意侵袭,成了装修后业主们的一块心病。 也许你家很干净,但为什么你家会出现白蚁?这就跟白蚁的生活习性有关了。


Spring is a termite damage season. Termites like moist wood and settle down in the wooden floor furniture even storage quietly. They do a lot of damage by eating wood. Your house is very clean but you still find termites, why? The answer is life habits of termites.

01

漫天飞舞的是什么蚁

        我国南方,每年春夏之交,都会有很多白色、黄色或者黑褐色的长翅飞蚁出现,它们成群结队飞舞在灯光之下,有时甚至侵入居民家中,让人不堪其扰。这些烦人的飞蚁,其实并非长了翅膀的蚂蚁,而是另外一种臭名昭著的害虫:白蚁。当然这可能与我们的“常识”有些出入,但的确并非所有的白蚁都是乳白色的,它们可能是黄色、褐色甚至黑色。


 Lots of white yellow or black fly ants appear at the end of spring and the beginning of summer. They fly in the light even invade houses. These annoying ants not normal ants but a kind of pest named termite. They are not just white but maybe yellow brown even black.


02

白蚁缘何大量出现

        当一个新的白蚁巢建成后,四五年后会产生有翅繁殖蚁,分群飞出巢外。这便是壮观的分飞现象。每年三到六月是有翅繁殖蚁分飞的高峰期,民间有“始于清明,终于白露”的说法。白蚁的活动与气象有着密切的关系:气温在26℃-29℃之间,湿度60%以上,气压低于一个大气压(101.325千帕)时是白蚁活动的最佳条件。这样的气候条件通常发生在闷热的雨后,所以白蚁也有“大水蚁”之称,而海南土白蚁甚至能在倾盆大雨中分群穿行。


When a new termite nest is built, lots of termites will fly out in 4 or 5 years. April to June is their flying peak. 

        白蚁主要是两种:家白蚁和散白蚁。它们主要通过“爬、飞、带”三种途径入侵居民家。散白蚁肆虐期通常在3-5月,主要在白天活动。家白蚁肆虐期一般从4月至9月,主要在夜间活动,危害比散白蚁大。白蚁的破坏力巨大,民宅、工厂、古迹、农作物、森林、水坝、电缆、船舶等等都是白蚁家族啃食毁坏的对象。它们造成的经济损失难以估计,有的损失甚至不可挽回。


There are two kinds of termites. One is active in the daytime during March to May and the other one is active at night during May to September. The later one brings more damage.

03

四招探明白蚁危害的踪迹

      白蚁危害隐蔽性很强,一般很难被发现,但只要细心并仔细观察,还是有可能发现白蚁危害的踪迹。

        1、看:主要看房屋的每个部位,详细查看房屋木构件有无白蚁蛀蚀痕迹,看木构件或墙面有无块状、带状的泥土,查看园林树木的树干上是否出现大片和线状的泥土。仔细察看有无白蚁活动的蚁路、通气孔、排泄物等白蚁活动的外露迹象。

         2、听:敲击白蚁可能危害的木柱、木梁、楼板、门窗框等部位,如能听到空洞的声音,则有可能有白蚁活动。

         3、探:试探地板是否有弹性,是否有下降现象,如果是则可能有白蚁危害。

         4、撬:撬开地板或其他木制部位,查找、核实有无白蚁活动。但此种方法损失可能较大。


 建议:以上方法虽然有助于发现蚁害,但如果怀疑家中发生白蚁危害,最好请专业技术人员现场勘察和灭治。


If not watch carefully, you may can’t find the damage of termite. How to find it?

1. See  Check the house if any trace or any piece of dirt. Check the tree trunk.

2.Listen  Knock the beam floor door pocket and other wooden parts. If can hear hollow sound, probably there are termites.

3.Feel  Feel the resilience of floor. If any sag, probably there are termites.

4.Pry  Pry floor and other wooden parts open to see if there are termites.


Suggestion: if you suspect there is termite damage. The best way is to ask help from professionals.


04

发现了白蚁应注意什么

        1、黄昏发现有家白蚁有翅繁殖蚁飞入室内,赶紧关好门窗,熄掉有引诱作用的大灯(日光灯、亮度大的其他灯),减少白蚁飞入室内;

        2、发现少量有翅繁殖蚁飞入室内,将用盛水的盆放在灯下,使飞舞的白蚁跌入水中淹死。

        3、勿简单用开水烫及喷洒药水;不能用杀虫剂(如必扑黑旋风、必扑、雷达等)喷;不能把蚁患处的构件拆掉。以上的方法只能治标不治本,其部分群体受到惊吓会四处乱爬,影响灭治效果,并可能会危害其它部位。

        4、发现白蚁及时请专业机构治理。

 

If find termites, what can be done?

1. If find termites are flying in the evening, close the doors and windows and turn off the lights which are too bright (Like daylight lamp).

2. If find a small amount of termites, put a basin of water under the light. Make the flying termites fall into water and drowned.

3. Please don’t use hot water to pour spray insecticide or take down the damaged part. The above ways can’t solve the problem totally and force the scared termites flee everywhere and damage other places.

4.  Please ask professionals to handle.

05

如何预防白蚁

       1、白蚁喜杨树木和松树木,家装时最好避开这两种木       材。而像红木、梨花木等材质较硬的,不容易感染白蚁虫害。

       2、装修时要注意喷洒防治白蚁的药物,尤其是水管电线管槽以及将来要放置木家具的位置。

       3、木工进场时,所有木材都要喷洒一遍防治白蚁药物,防止木材自带白蚁进入入住之前做一次白蚁防治;

       4、在白蚁分飞季节,关好门窗,晚上尽量少开灯;

       5、保持室内通风干燥和光照;

       6、时常移动家里的物件及清理死角;

       7、保持厨房、卫生间等潮湿地带的干燥通风;

       8、发现白蚁入侵家具,勿乱扔家具,应切断白蚁迁移扩散的途径;

 

How to prevent termite?

 

1.Termites like wood from polar and pine tree, the best way is to avoid them while decorating. Some hard wood like rosewood is not easy to be damaged by termites.

2.Can spray some termite control drug epically the groove for water pipeline and wire and the place where will be put wooden furniture while decorating . 

3.All wood has to be sprayed by termite control drug before being put into the house.

4.Close the doors and windows during the termite flying period. Reduce the time of lights on

5.Ventilate the rooms and keep them dry and have sunshine.

6.Move the stuffs to clean the corners frequently.

7.Ventilate the kitchen and restroom where are moist.

8.If find furniture damaged by termites. Cut their diffusion path

注意事项

       1、若是家中有小孩,在小孩不在时灭虫,不要让小孩接触到药水;

        2、喷洒时不要洒到衣服和食物;

        3、喷洒过药剂后一至两个星期,碰触了家中的家具或者木板的,要尽量多洗手,避免药剂残留到身上;

        4、如果白蚁已腐蚀太多,则消杀意义已不大,最好把所有被腐蚀过的木类家具、装修等全部清除。

 

Matters needing attention

1.kids can’t touch the termite control drug and please keep kids away while handling the termite.

2.Drug can’t pollute the food and clothes.

3.Wash hands frequently in the first one or two weeks after spraying the drug.

4.If termites have eaten too much, no point to spray drug. The best way is to clear away.

白蚁分飞期

临时服务咨询电话

Termite flying period temporary service hotline

028-86721245

028-86723342